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Children deserve the most excellent medical care. Being a parent it is very important to be conscious of treatment guidelines.

The common childhood illnesses and their treatments are

  1. Sore Throat

Sore throat is caused by a virus which doesn’t need antibiotics. It can be cured in between seven and ten days. Sore throat is very commonly visible in children and it can be painful. If the sore throat is produced by an infection is called strep throat

Strep throat cannot be diagnosed just by looking at it. A lab test or in-office rapid strep test are needed to confirm the diagnosis of the strep throat. If it is confirmed that the child is having strep throat, antibiotics prescribed by the pediatrician. It is highly important to continue the full course of antibiotics even after the symptoms are gone.

Babies and toddlers don’t get the strep throat easily, but there are chances to be infected by streptococcus bacteria. It is spread by infected children. It is spread by cough and sneezes.

  1. Ear Pain

Ear pain is very common in children and it may be caused by different reasons, including ear infection, sinus infection, swimmers ear, teeth pain occur near the ear and some others. By a clear examination, a pediatrician can spot the difference. If the child is suffering from fever with an earache or any signs of other illness, the pediatrician may suggest a course of antibiotics.

A most preferable antibiotic for the middle ear infections is amoxicillin; it is avoided when there is sensitivity to penicillin or recurrent infections.

Most of ear infections are caused by viruses and they do not require antibiotics. If the pediatrician confirmed that the ear infection is caused by a virus, he will suggest the ways to relieve the child’s ear pain until the virus runs its period.

  1. Urinary Tract Infection

Bladder infections also termed as urinary tract infections, these most commonly occurred when bacteria formed in the urinary tract. Symptoms of UTI are pain or inflammation during urination, frequent urination, bedwetting, abdominal pain or back pain.

A doctor after analyzing the urine test results may adjust the medicine depending on the type of bacteria existing in the child urine.

  1. Skin Infection

Children with skin infections need to undergo a skin test to get suitable treatment. Associations with resistant bacteria or to the people exposed to it may cause infections to the child.

  1. Bronchitis

Bronchitis, a lung infection generally observed in adults. Often it is caused by a chest virus which does not require antibiotics.

  1. Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is popular in infants and young children during the winter season. Bronchiolitis is frequently caused by a virus, which does not need antibiotics. Signs of bronchiolitis are difficulty in breathing, having food and symbols of dehydration. Medicine which is used for asthma patients is not to be used for infants and young children.

  1. Pain

The best medicine to relieve pain for children is acetaminophen or ibuprofen. A pediatrician may suggest you the dosage required, based on children weight.

  1. Common Cold

Cold is caused by viruses in the upper respiratory region. A young child can get six to eight colds a year. Symptoms are a runny nose, congestion and cough. Green mucus in the nose is also a common cold; it doesn’t mean that antibiotics are needed.

  1. Bacterial Sinusitis

The main cause of bacterial sinusitis is the bacteria caught in sinusitis. Symptoms are nasal discharge, daytime cough or both last beyond ten days without development. If the condition is associated with thick yellow mucus discharge and fever for 3 or 4 days then antibiotics may be needed.

  1. Cough

Cough is generally caused by viruses and it does not frequently require antibiotics. Cough medicine may not be recommended for the children below 4 years.


Urologic Diseases

Urologic diseases refer to a wide variety of conditions, all related to the filtering and moving of the urine from the body. Urologic diseases can affect all groups of people irrespective of age and gender. Urologic diseases affect urinary tract in females, in males; they affect urinary tract or reproductive organs. Some of the Most Common Urologic Diseases

There are many diseases and disorders related to urology. The most commonly seen diseases are listed below.

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is a disorder which causes an increase in the prostate gland. BPH is generally seen in older men and not straightly connected to prostate cancer.

Symptoms of BPH are frequent urge to urinate, a weak stream of urine and also feel the bladder is cleared after urination. Clear monitoring of the condition, doctors prescribe alpha-blockers for the treatment. Worse situations are treated with surgery.

Urinary Incontinence

Urinary Incontinence is the loss of control over the urinary bladder, results in leakage of urine. This health condition gives inconvenience and discomfort. Some of the factors which cause urinary incontinence are

  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • prostate enlargement
  • Weak bladder muscles
  • overactive bladder
  • Weak urethra muscles
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Injury to the spinal cord
  • High Constipation

In other cases, controlling the intake of fluid can solve the problem. Consulting a doctor for a better treatment improves the situation.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

UTI is caused by the entry of pathogenic bacteria or viruses. These bacteria cause infection over the urinary tract. Rate of this infection in the female is higher than in the male. Symptoms are burning sensation during urination, regular urge to urinate, feeling that bladder is not dry after urinating. UTI can be cleared by using antibiotics for five to seven days.

Kidney and Ureteral Stones

Kidney stones are formed when the urine is containing crystal-forming particles. Ureteral stones are the stones that move from the kidney into the ureter.

These stones can obstruct urine flow and cause a significant amount of pain. In some cases, these stones are expelled without any medication.

To remove larger stones, they need surgical procedures. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the most widely used techniques for this problem. In this procedure, sound waves are used to break stones into small pieces, so that it would be easy to get the small pieces out of the body.

Prostate Cancer 

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the prostate gland, a small walnut-shaped gland present in the male that produces the seminal fluid and transport sperm. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. Normally prostate cancer grows very slowly and it does not cause severe harm and other types spread rapidly and aggressively.

Symptoms of prostate cancer may not be seen at early stages when it turns to an advanced stage you may see symptoms and signs, some of them are trouble in urinating, blood in semen, bone pain, erectile dysfunction and decreased force in the stream of urine.

Other urological conditions 

  • Bladder cancer
  • Blood in urine
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Overactive bladder
  • Prostatitis

Tips to Improve Overall Urological Health

  • Being hydrated
  • Take cranberry juice to prevent Urinary tract infections
  • Limit the intake of salt and caffeine.
  • Stay within a good weight range
  • Choose a smoke-free lifestyle
  • Strengthen pelvic muscles.
  • Encourage children to urinate before bed.
  • In night hours, the liquid intake must be limited.
  • To prevent injury young boys are suggested to use athletic cups
  • Avoid constipation
  • Exercise regularly

It is the main thing to remember that you are the best advocate for your urological health. See the doctor when you notice the symptoms.


Nutrition plays a crucial role in health. An unhealthy diet can damage metabolism activities; leads to weight gain sometimes may harm the liver and heart. What we intake can truly affect the health and ageing of the skin.

  1. Fatty Fish

Salmon, mackerel and herring are the top food for healthy skin. These fishes are high sources of omega-3 fatty acids, which help in maintaining healthy skin.

Omega-3 fatty acids keep the skin thick, supple and moisturized and its deficiency leads to dry skin. Fatty fishes are abundant sources of high-quality protein, which is required for maintaining the health and integrity of the skin.

Fish furnishes Zinc, a mineral that regulates inflammation, reproduction of skin cells. Zinc deficiency causes skin inflammation and delays in wound healing.

  1. Avocados

Avocados are rich in healthy fats that benefit multiple body functions, including the health of the skin.  Sufficient amounts of these fats keep the skin flexible and moisturized.

Avocados include the compounds that guard the skin against sun harm. UV rays from the sun can make wrinkles and other symptoms of aging. Avocados are rich in Vitamin E, defends the skin from oxidative damage.

Vitamin C also plays a key role in skin health by providing strong and healthy skin and its deficiency leads to dry, rough and scaly skin.

  1. Walnuts

Walnuts have features that make them an attractive food for good skin.  Walnuts are abundant sources of essential fatty acids, which our body cannot make on its own.

One ounce of walnuts has 6% of the RDI for zinc, which helps in wound healing and resisting bacteria and inflammation.  A small amount of Vitamin E, Vitamin C, and selenium, besides 4-5 grams of protein per ounce.

  1. Sunflower Seeds

Nuts and seeds are excellent sources of skin-boosting nutrients. 28 grams of sunflower seeds have 37% of the RDI for Vitamin E, 32% of the RDI for selenium, 10% of the RDI for zinc and 5.4 grams of protein.

  1. Sweet Potatoes

Beta-carotene is a nutrient available in oranges and vegetables such as carrots, spinach and sweet potatoes. Consuming sweet potatoes protects the skin cells from sunburn, cell death, dry and wrinkled skin.

  1. Red or Yellow Bell Peppers

Like sweet potatoes, bell peppers are rich sources of beta carotene, which the body converts it into vitamin A.

These are also high in vitamin C sources; a single cup of bell pepper gives 317% of the RDI for Vitamin C. Consuming rich Vitamin c food keep away the wrinkled and dry skin.

  1. Broccoli

Broccoli contains a variety of Vitamins and minerals important to skin health.   It also contains lutein, a carotenoid. Lutein protects the skin from oxidative damage.

Broccoli is having a special compound called sulforaphane, which has anti-cancer properties. Sulforaphane helps in reducing the number of skin cells dead by the effect of UV light by 29 %.

  1. Tomatoes

Tomatoes are rich in Vitamin C, carotenoids, including lycopene. Beta-carotene, lutein and lycopene protect the skin from the sun. Tomatoes are major in carotenoids, which are the best food for having healthy skin.

  1. Soy

Soy contains isoflavones, which benefits multiple parts of the body including the skin. Soy intake keeps the skin smooth and strong. It also guards the skin against UV radiation.

  1. Dark Chocolate

The effect of cocoa on the skin is notable high. Daily intake of cocoa gives hydrated skin. The antioxidants present in the cocoa protects the skin against sunburns, UV radiation and helps to improve the wrinkles, blood flow, skin texture.

  1. Green Tea

Green tea contains catechins, which are powerful antioxidants can guard the skin against the sun damage. It shows a high impact on hydrating the skin, thickness and elasticity.

  1. Red Wine

Resveratrol, a popular antioxidant present in red wine, have anti-ageing properties. Excessive intake of red wine gives negative results.