Urologic diseases refer to a wide variety of conditions, all related to the filtering and moving of the urine from the body. Urologic diseases can affect all groups of people irrespective of age and gender. Urologic diseases affect urinary tract in females, in males; they affect urinary tract or reproductive organs. Some of the Most Common Urologic Diseases
There are many diseases and disorders related to urology. The most commonly seen diseases are listed below.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlarged prostate. It is a disorder which causes an increase in the prostate gland. BPH is generally seen in older men and not straightly connected to prostate cancer.
Symptoms of BPH are frequent urge to urinate, a weak stream of urine and also feel the bladder is cleared after urination. Clear monitoring of the condition, doctors prescribe alpha-blockers for the treatment. Worse situations are treated with surgery.
Urinary Incontinence is the loss of control over the urinary bladder, results in leakage of urine. This health condition gives inconvenience and discomfort. Some of the factors which cause urinary incontinence are
- prostate enlargement
- Weak bladder muscles
- overactive bladder
- Weak urethra muscles
- Urinary tract infections
- Injury to the spinal cord
- High Constipation
In other cases, controlling the intake of fluid can solve the problem. Consulting a doctor for a better treatment improves the situation.
Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
UTI is caused by the entry of pathogenic bacteria or viruses. These bacteria cause infection over the urinary tract. Rate of this infection in the female is higher than in the male. Symptoms are burning sensation during urination, regular urge to urinate, feeling that bladder is not dry after urinating. UTI can be cleared by using antibiotics for five to seven days.
Kidney and Ureteral Stones
Kidney stones are formed when the urine is containing crystal-forming particles. Ureteral stones are the stones that move from the kidney into the ureter.
These stones can obstruct urine flow and cause a significant amount of pain. In some cases, these stones are expelled without any medication.
To remove larger stones, they need surgical procedures. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is one of the most widely used techniques for this problem. In this procedure, sound waves are used to break stones into small pieces, so that it would be easy to get the small pieces out of the body.
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the prostate gland, a small walnut-shaped gland present in the male that produces the seminal fluid and transport sperm. Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. Normally prostate cancer grows very slowly and it does not cause severe harm and other types spread rapidly and aggressively.
Symptoms of prostate cancer may not be seen at early stages when it turns to an advanced stage you may see symptoms and signs, some of them are trouble in urinating, blood in semen, bone pain, erectile dysfunction and decreased force in the stream of urine.
Other urological conditions
- Bladder cancer
- Blood in urine
- Erectile dysfunction
- Overactive bladder
Tips to Improve Overall Urological Health
- Being hydrated
- Take cranberry juice to prevent Urinary tract infections
- Limit the intake of salt and caffeine.
- Stay within a good weight range
- Choose a smoke-free lifestyle
- Strengthen pelvic muscles.
- Encourage children to urinate before bed.
- In night hours, the liquid intake must be limited.
- To prevent injury young boys are suggested to use athletic cups
- Avoid constipation
- Exercise regularly
It is the main thing to remember that you are the best advocate for your urological health. See the doctor when you notice the symptoms.